Location: Malmö, Sweden
City population: 306,502
Project duration: in planning stage - ongoing
Project cost: 2 000 000 - 4 000 000 EUR
Financing source(s): Public local authority's budget

Tree Strategy of Malmö

The Tree Strategy is a municipal action plan in progress, aiming to address some of the main sustainability challenges described in the Environmental Program of Malmö City. Its main relations to sustainability challenges include improved health and well-being, decrease differences in those among different social groups and increase biodiversity. The Strategy includes a range of possibilities for evaluating its ecological and social success. [1]

Urban setting

  • Grey infrastructure with green features
    • Alley and street trees/hedges/greens
    • Institutional green space
  • Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
    • Large urban park or forest
    • Pocket parks / neighbourhood green spaces
    • Green corridor

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Public sector institution (e.g. school or hospital)
  • Non-government organisation/Civil Society
  • Private sector/Corporate/Company
  • Researchers/University
  • Citizens or community groups
  • Disadvantaged groups
Project objectives
Declared aims are to [1]: - increase biodiversity - create a comfortable climate - establish conditions to improve the citizens’ physical and mental health - contribute to preserve the city’s cultural history -change attitude towards trees: trees are to be seen as common resources, not obstacles of city development. - provide good access to environments with trees to the citizens of Malmö - have vital trees in Malmö – where the proportion of old trees increases - have a long-term sustainable tree stock in Malmö – with a broad variety of species - involve the citizens of Malmö in the conservation, care and development of the city’s tree stock - decrease differences in those among different social groups .
Implementation activities
To realize targets [1]: - All the approved detailed city plans shall aim to have enough space (under and above the ground) to achieve the future target of 25% crown cover. - Plant on average at least 1000 trees per year in public spaces in existing areas where the crown cover is the lowest (residential areas shall be prioritized). - Carry out measures to vitalize trees – at least 20% of trees older than 70 years shall be vitalized. At least 80 % of the newly planted solitary trees shall be generation-trees (in public spaces) - At least 20% of the newly planted trees shall be generation-trees (in public spaces). Plant yearly on average 50 new tree species so that the number of species in public spaces is at least 1000 in the entire city. - Dialogue and collaboration with the citizens on trees in public spaces - Spread knowledge to citizens on trees, involve the citizens in develop Malmö’s tree stock and work together with the citizens to take care of the health of trees.

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government / municipality

Management set-up

Co-governance or hybrid governance (mix of responsibilities between government and non-government actors)

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Other
Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project
The Streets and Parks Department is responsible for the implementation of the Tree Strategy with the involvement of citizens of Malmö, some other departments and bigger landowners.
Project implemented in response to ...
... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Yes
The Tree Strategy, with its concrete targets, supports overarching planning documents of Malmö City, such as the Comprehensive Plan (2014), the Environmental Program (2009-2020) and the Natura Conservation Plan (2012). The Tree Strategy is being developed in parallel with the Plan on Green and Blue Environments in Malmö (Plan för Malmös gröna och blå miljöer) and these two documents together are to replace the previously ruling Tree Plan (Trädplan, 2005), which was an action plan on the municipal departments’ level. In addition, the Tree Strategy supports the development of an accessible and sustainable transport system, which is described in the Traffic- and Mobility Plan (Trafik- och mobilitetsplan, 2016). The Tree Strategy is also being developed to support the recently approved Cloudburst Plan of Malmö (Skyfallsplan för Malmö, 2017). [1]
Expected impacts
  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Cultural heritage and cultural diversity
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Inclusive and effective governance (SDG 16)
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
Details on impacts and indicators used The Tree Strategy is under progress, but at this point, there are some means envisaged how to evaluate the success of its aims: increasing biodiversity, creating a comfortable local climate, establishing conditions for good citizen physical and mental health, preserving cultural history, and changing attitudes towards trees. These include measuring 1) good access to environments with trees through a review on tree management including routines and checklists for planning processes and building permits as well as a tree inventory, 2) vitalizing tree stock especially those with special or cultural values for the city, 3) long-term sustainable tree-stock with a broad variety of species by yearly planting of 50 new tree species, and 4) citizens’ involvement in the conservation, care and development of the city’s tree-stock through constant dialogue and engagement. [1]

Presence of formal monitoring system

Yes

Presence of indicators used in reporting

Yes

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

Unknown

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

  • Tree Strategy of Malmö
    Tree Strategy of Malmö
    License: 
    Created by: Mona Falck, retrieved 08/29/2018 from Tim Delshammar
  • Tree Strategy of Malmö
    Tree Strategy of Malmö
    License: 
    Created by: Mona Falck, retrieved 08/29/2018 from Tim Delshammar

 

Disclaimer: The data collection was carried out between June and August 2017, the information presented has not been updated afterwards.